The book of Genesis, the first of the "Five Books of Moses" in the Hebrew Bible, has served as the explanation of the origin of the universe and all life for millions of people for over two millennia. According to this account, a single creator-god fashioned humans and every other living thing in all their complexity.
At the end of the European Middle Ages, Western tradition held that all of the world´s inhabitants had been created by God in one place, the Garden of Eden, soon after the formation of the earth. But as the scientific revolution began to unfold some 400 years ago, naturalists started to catalog fossils according to the layers in which they were found. Soon a very unexpected and troubling pattern emerged.
Preserved worker ants are inclusions in fossil amber some 23-30 million years old. The insect was trapped in resin from the now-extinct Hymenea Protera tree which time has transformed into this non-mineral gemstone material. This piece of amber is approximately 13/16" long.